James Williams is a doctoral researcher at the University of Oxford and the winner of the inaugural Nine Dots Prize, a major new literary award. His work addresses the ethics of attention and persuasion in technology design; he is also a co-founder of the Time Well Spent campaign. Previously, James worked for over ten years at Google, where he received the Founders’ Award, the company’s highest honour. He is also a member of the Oxford Digital Ethics Lab, a visiting researcher at the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, a tutor for the Oxford Computer Science department, and a visiting fellow at the Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences, and Humanities at the University of Cambridge. A frequent speaker, consultant, and commentator on technology issues in the media, James's academic background includes product design engineering and literature. His first computer was a Texas Instruments TI-99/4A.